Tradition/transition: usage des plantes textiles- Estonie

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Inscrit le: 25 Nov 2010, 01:00

Message03 Fév 2015, 00:53

de la préhistoire au XVIIème, en passant par la case Moyen Age. :content-29:

Tradition and transition: the technology and usage of
plant-fi bre textiles in Estonian rural areas
in the 11th–17th centuries
Riina Rammo

Numerous plant-fi bre textiles are found from the 11th century onwards together with the spread of inhumation burials in
Estonia. I analysed altogether 129 samples from 39 sites from the 11th century until the 18th century AD. The overview
of the fi nds during this period gives a possibility to trace the technical development of plant-fi bre fabrics and changes
in their utilisation and value. It seems that there are almost no changes in the production and usage of these textiles in
the course of the Late Iron Age and the Middle Ages. Plant-fi bre textiles are all similar to each other and less frequent
than the fi nds of woolen textiles. One reason for this is that the vegetal fi bres preserve poorly in acidy Estonian soil; in
addition different values of fabrics and their role as part of burial dress should be taken into consideration – the use of
linen was different from that of wool. The situation changed at the end of the Middle Ages along with transformation of
burial customs – including burial dress and ornaments – when the percentage of linen fi nds in comparison with those of
wool grew remarkably. At the same time the production of these textiles transformed remarkably. This change obviously
indicates the technical innovations related to the broader social transformations.
Keywords: plant-fi bre textiles, weaving, looms


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